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Tuesday, December 30, 2008

Four Steps for Java Database Connectivity

Before you can create a java jdbc connection to the database, you must first import the

java.sql package.

import java.sql.*;

The star ( * ) indicates that all of the classes in the package java.sql are to be imported.

1. Loading database driver

In this step we load the driver class by calling Class.forName() with the Driver class name as an argument. Once loaded, the Driver class creates an instance of itself. A user can connect to Database Server through JDBC Driver. Since most of the Database servers support ODBC driver therefore JDBC-ODBC Bridge driver is commonly used.

The return type of the Class.forName (String ClassName) method is “Class”. Class is in class java.lang package.

try {


} catch(Exception e) {
System.out.println(“Driver class not loaded!”);


2. Creating a oracle jdbc Connection

The JDBC DriverManager class defines objects which can connect Java applications to a JDBC driver. DriverManager is considered the backbone of JDBC architecture. DriverManager class manages the JDBC drivers that are installed on the system. Its getConnection() method is used to establish a connection to a database. It uses a username, password, and a jdbc url to establish a connection to the database and returns a connection object. A jdbc Connection represents a session/connection with a specific database. Within the context of a Connection, SQL, PL/SQL statements are executed and results are returned. An application can have one or more connections with a single database, or it can have many connections with different databases. A Connection object provides metadata i.e. information about the database, tables, and fields. It also contains methods to deal with transactions.

JDBC URL Syntax:: jdbc: :

JDBC URL Example:: jdbc: : •Each driver has its own subprotocol

•Each subprotocol has its own syntax for the source. We’re using the jdbc odbc subprotocol, so the DriverManager knows to use the sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver.


Connection dbConnection=DriverManager.getConnection(url,”userName”,”Password”)

}catch(SQLException e) {

System.out.println( “Driver class not loaded!” );


3. Creating a jdbc Statement object

Once a connection is established we can interact with the database. Connection interface defines methods for interacting with the database via the established connection. To execute SQL statements, you need to instantiate a Statement object from your connection object by using the createStatement() method.

Statement statement = dbConnection.createStatement();

A statement object is used to send and execute SQL statements to a database.

Three kinds of Statements

  • Statement: It execute simple sql queries without parameters. Statement createStatement() Creates an SQL Statement object.

  • Prepared Statement: It execute precompiled sql queries with or without parameters. PreparedStatement prepareStatement(String sql) returns a new PreparedStatement object. PreparedStatement objects are precompiled SQL statements.

  • Callable Statement: It execute for call to a database stored procedure. CallableStatement prepareCall(String sql) returns a new CallableStatement object. CallableStatement objects are SQL stored procedure call statements.

4. Executing a SQL statement with the Statement object, and returning a jdbc resultSet.

Statement interface defines methods that are used to interact with database via the execution of SQL statements. The Statement class has three methods for executing statements:

  • executeQuery()
  • executeUpdate()
  • execute()

For a SELECT statement, the method to use is executeQuery . For statements that create or modify tables, the method to use is executeUpdate.

Note: Statements that create a table, alter a table, or drop a table are all examples of DDL

statements and are executed with the method executeUpdate. execute() executes an SQL

statement that is written as String object.

ResultSet provides access to a table of data generated by executing a Statement. The table rows are retrieved in sequence. A ResultSet maintains a cursor pointing to its current row of data. The next() method is used to successively step through the rows of the tabular results.

ResultSetMetaData Interface holds information on the types and properties of the columns in a ResultSet. It is constructed from the Connection object.

1 comment:

  1. hi sandeep

    can u help me how to upload image in the database........